“FREE Guide on How To Set Up A Wireless Router.
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- Set up a wireless router with no stress. This guide will teach you how to create and ensure setting up your home wireless network is made simple!
- Help with choosing the best wifi router for you and configuring the settings securely to help you build the best home wireless network
- How to extend your network even further than before
- Wireless router terminology broken down and made simple
- Learn how to add wireless clients to your network
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How To Set Up A Home Network Router
Cable Up The Router & Power On
Make sure you have everything cabled into the router. This will include a connection to your modem or phone socket, whichever is applicable, and an Ethernet connection to your laptop. Manufacturers normally require that an Ethernet cable is used for initial setup. Once set up, you will be able to use the wireless on your laptop if desired.
Power on the laptop. If the router isn’t new, or you’re not sure if anyone has tampered with the configuration, then it is recommended you reset the router. This is usually done via a reset button located on the router. Sometimes the button needs to be pressed continuously for 20 seconds or more.
Configure Router IP Address
First, browse to your router’s IP address. Refer to the manufacturers documentation for the address, but it will be something like one of the following addresses:
To check your laptop IP address, do the following:
In Windows, click “Start”, and in the search box type ‘cmd’, and hit return. You will now be provided with a new black window, known as “Command Prompt”. Then type “ipconfig”, this will confirm what your IP address is.
The displayed Default Gateway IP Address will be the IP address of the router… Once you determine this, you can browse to that address within your favorite browser. Just copy/paste it into the address bar, or manually type it in and hit ‘return’.
Setup DHCP On The Router
Make sure you have DHCP enabled on your laptop. This will force your laptop to obtain an address from the router. If your IP address has been manually entered, you need to switch to DHCP. How to use DHCP
To refresh your DHCP IP address type in ipconfig /release, then ipconfig /renew
You should now have an IP address assigned by your router.
Log Into Your Router
Now you can log into the router’s GUI interface. This is where we are going to configure the router.
You will need to open a browser (Internet Explorer, Chrome, Firefox, Safari etc) and type in your router’s IP address. You should now be prompted to login.
There will be a default login for your router. You normally have to enter a “username” and “password”.
You will need to check your manufacturers documentation to confirm what the default credentials are, but quite often it will be “admin” and “password”.
Once logged in you should browse to the settings, or wireless settings. Here, you will set the parameters required to get your wireless going. You need to look for the following settings…
Setting Up Router Wi-Fi
i) Wireless Standard Type
You will have a choice between different Wi-Fi types. For example, Wireless G or N or AC, depending on the router you are configuring.
It is recommended you set your router to’mixed’. This will probably be the default setting. If you know for sure what clients are connecting and so which type to use, then select that type. Wireless AC & N can run faster when specifically defined.
Again, if you are not sure, choose mixed. It will make life a lot easier!
Change this to a name that you will recognize, but does not give away any private information about you or your property. For example “OurWiFiRouter”. Bear in mind that the name is case sensitive when trying to connect into it – “OurWiFiRouter” is different to “OURWIFIROUTER”.
This is your wireless password, or Pre Shared Key (PSK). Make sure it is cryptic. The more complicated, the better.
Make sure you include the following:
- Mix of upper and lower case letters
- At least one number
- At least one non-alphanumeric character
- Use at least 8 characters in total
Make sure you avoid the following:
- Any Dictionary words or names, like: panther, password, banana
- Do not use: qwery, 12345, abc123 (or variations)
- Any clues to who you or friends are, for example: DoB, names
The passphrase “Ikn0wmYoWnP@55w0rd” would be cryptic and very difficult to hack or guess.
Choosing your encryption type is important. Avoid using WEP, as explained earlier it’s very unsecure. Try to use WPA2 where possible, or worst case, use WPA/WPA2 – which allows both encryption types.
v) Wireless Channels
Most routers have “auto” channel selection. You router will intelligently scan the vicinity for conflicting channels and use the channel with the least interference.
However, at times it can be better to manually assign a channel. Especially when you know there is a channel that gets little use. Install a free wireless scanner program on your laptop, for example InSSIDer – www.inssider.com. This easy to use program will show what channels are use in real time. If possible, pick one that either isn’t being use or has a very weak signal.
If using 2.4GHz, make sure you use the non-overlapping channels – either 1, 6 or 11.